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Congoo on behalf of the Bar Barrum People #2 v State of Queensland [2016] FCA 693

Category: Agreement
Binomial Name: Federal Court of Australia
Date: 27 April 2001
Sub Category:Consent Determination (Native Title Act)
Place:

Atherton Tablelands, Northern Queensland Region

State/Country:Queensland, Australia
The determination area consists of lands and waters located on the Atherton Tablelands in and around the Walsh River and west of the Wild River in far north Queensland. See the documents attached below for a detailed description and map of the area.
Legal Status:

Registered on the National Native Title Register

Legal Reference: FCA no.: QUD6015/2001; NNTT no.: QCD2016/002.
Alternative Names:
  • Bar-Barrum #2
  • Subject Matter:Native Title
    URL: http://www8.austlii.edu.au/cgi-bin/viewdoc/au/cases/cth/FCA/2016/693.html
    Summary Information:

    Congoo on behalf of the Bar-Barrum People #2 v State of Queensland [2016] FCA 694

    Between

    Tom Congoo and John Wason on behalf of the Bar-Barrum People (Applicants) and the State of Queensland, the Mareeba Shire Council, Ergon Energy Corporation Limited, Telstra Corporation Limited and Consolidated Tin Mines Limited (Respondents).

    Judge: Reeves J

    Where made: Queensland

    Determination:

    Native Title exists in the determination area. It consists of non-exclusive native title rights.

    Native title is held by the Bar-Barrum People.

    Non-exclusive native title rights and interests that exist in the determination area include:

    • the right to hunt, fish and gather from the water of the area and the right to take and use water for personal, domestic and non-commercial communal purposes;
    • the right to access, be present on and travel over the area;
    • the right to camp, live temporarily and build shelters on the area;
    • the right to hunt, fish and gather on the lands and waters of the area for personal, domestic, non-commercial communal purposes;
    • the right to conduct ceremony, be buried and bury native title holders within the area;
    • the right to maintain places of cultural significance under traditional laws and customs, and protect those areas from physical harm;
    • the right to hold meetings and teach the physical and spiritual attributes of the area; and
    • the right to light fires for domestic purposes, including cooking,but not for hunting or the clearance of land.

    These non-exclusive native title rights are subject to the laws of the Commonwealth and the State of Queensland, and the traditional law and customs of the Bar Barrum People.

    Additionally, these non-exclusive rights do not create rights in relation to:

    • minerals as defined by the Mineral Resources Act 1989 (Qld); and
    • petroleum as defined by the Petroleum Act 1923 (Qld) and the Petroleum and Gas (Production and Safety) Act 2004 (Qld).

    Finally, these non-exclusive rights do not confer possession, occupation, use or enjoyment to the exclusion of all others.

    Non-native title rights and interests that exist in the determination area, as outlined in schedule 4, include those:

    • created under the Bar-Barrum and Mareeba Shire Council Indigenous Land Use Agreement (ILUA) (QI2001/056), the Bar Barrum #2-#7 and Tablelands Regional Council ILUA (QI2012/056), the Bar Barrum People and Ergon Energy ILUA (QI2002/058), and the Herberton Tin Fields Indigenous ILUA (QI2011/012);
    • of Consolidated Tin Mines Limited, as the holder of the mining tenements granted under the Mineral Resources Act 1989 (Qld);
    • of Telstra Corporation Limited, as the owner or operator of telecommunications facilities under the Post and Telegraph Act 1901 (Cth), the Telecommunications Act 1975 (Cth), and the Australian Telecommunications Corporations Act 1989 (Cth);
    • of Ergon Energy Corporation, as defined in the Electricity Act 1994 (Qld) and the Government Owned Corporations Act 1993 (Qld);
    • of Mareeba Shire Council;
    • of the state and trustees in relation to Reserves;
    • created under the laws of the state or commonwealth; and
    • of public access, under the Native Title Act 1993 (Cth) and s 18 of the Native Title Act (Queensland) Act 1993 (Qld).

    In the case of conflict, the exercise of non-native title rights and interests will prevail over the non-exclusive native title.

    Mbabaram Aboriginal Corporation as the prescribed body corporate is to perform functions required under the Native Title Act 1993 (Cth) and to act as agent for the native title holders.

    Detailed Information:

    Background:

    This claim is a series of four made by the Bar Barrum People in northern Queensland which were first lodged in 1996. This claim was filed with the Federal Court on 28 September 2001. The Bar Barrum People's claims have been amended several times to change the claim group description, reduce the claim area, and to replace applicants [5].

    This recognition of native title has been a long time coming with many senior members of the Bar Barrum People having passed away without having seen it realised [5].

    Despite efforts being made in recent years to reduce delays, the Bar Barrum claim faced difficulties. In 2015, the question of extinguishment over parts of the determination area in relation to World War II military activities was resolved in the High Court in the case of Queensland v Congoo (2015) HCA 17 [6].

    Judgment Details:

    Through mediation, agreement was reached as to the terms of a determination of native title to provide recognition of the native title rights and interests held by the Bar Barrum people in relation to part of the land and waters covered by the determination area. The signed agreement was then filed in the Federal Court pursuant to s 87 of the Native Title Act 1993 (Cth). The Court was satisfied that a determination of native title was within the power of the court

    Outcomes:
    Native title exists in the entire determination area.

    Related Entries

    Agreement
  • Bar-Barrum and Ergon Energy Indigenous Land Use Agreement (ILUA)
  • Bar-Barrum and Mareeba Shire Council Indigenous Land Use Agreement (ILUA)
  • Bar-Barrum and Telstra Indigenous Land Use Agreement (ILUA)
  • Bar Barrum #2-#7 and Tablelands Regional Council Indigenous Land Use Agreement (ILUA)
  • Herberton Tin Fields Indigenous Land Use Agreement
  • Organisation
  • Mbabaram Aboriginal Corporation RNTBC
  • Mareeba Shire Council - Respondent
  • Ergon Energy Corporation Limited - Respondent
  • State of Queensland - Respondent
  • Legislation
  • Native Title Act 1993 (Cth)
  • Native Title (Queensland) Act 1993 (Qld)
  • Petroleum Act 1923 (Qld)
  • Petroleum and Gas (Production and Safety) Act 2004 (Qld)
  • Mineral Resources Act 1989 (Qld)
  • Post and Telegraph Act 1901(Cth)
  • Land Act 1994 (Qld)
  • Telecommunications Act 1975 (Cth)
  • Australian Telecommunications Corporation Act 1989 (Cth)
  • Government Owned Corporations Act 1993 (Qld)
  • People
  • Tom Congoo and John Wason on behalf of the Bar Barrum People #2 - Native Title Applicants
  • Bar-Barrum People

  • Documents

    Document
    National Native Title Tribunal Extract from the National Native Title Register for QC2001/017 (Congoo on behalf of the Bar Barrum People v #2 State of Queensland - ( Thumbnail | PDF)

    Glossary

    Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (Australia) | Aboriginal Corporation (Australia) | Applicant | Consent Determination (Native Title Act 1993 (Cth)) (Australia) | Native Title Applicants

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