The Parties to the Métis Nation Accord (the Accord) are Canada, the Provinces of British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario, and the Métis Nation of Canada as represented by the Métis National Council and provincial Métis representative bodies. The Accord sets out provisions requiring the federal and provincial governments to contribute resources to the Métis Nation in order to conduct an enumeration of the Métis Nation, including the maintenance of a Métis national registry. The process, which is to include a right of appeal, is to be determined via multilateral negotiations among the Parties to the Accord.
The Accord also sets out self-government provisions which require the Parties to enter into good faith negotiations regarding the implementation of the right of self-government. This is to include matters regarding jurisdiction and economic arrangements and is to have the objective of tripartite self-government agreements. With respect to the Northwest Territories, negotiations are to be conducted through comprehensive land claims, treaty or self-government negotiations, which will include Métis and Indians as parties.
In the context of self-government negotiations, Canada and the Provinces, where appropriate, agree to provide access to lands and resources to Métis and Métis self-governing institutions. Where land is to be provided, Canada and the Provinces agree to make available for transfer to Métis self-governing insitutions a fair share of Crown lands. This does not apply to Alberta, where the Accord recognises that the Alberta Métis Settlements General Council has the sole right to negotiate regarding Métis matters. Canada and the Provinces also agree to commence discussions with Métis Nation representatives regarding the establishment of a land claims negotiation process. The two government Parties agree to provide adequate financial resources for representatives of the Métis Nation to take part in tripartite negotiations.
The Accord also provides for the devolution of responsibility for Aboriginal programs and services to be made to Métis institutions. Canada agrees to provide a substantial proportion of the direct costs of Métis institutions created as a result of self-government agreements. The remainder will be provided by the Provinces and Métis.
Transfer payments are also to be made by Canada and the Provinces to Métis institutions for the provision of programs and services. These payments, in the context of self-government negotiations, will assist Métis institutions to establish comparable programs and services as are enjoyed by other Aboriginal peoples.
Canada and the Provinces agree not to reduce funding or services as a result of the signing of the Accord. The rights conferred by the Accord are guaranteed equally to female and male persons. Nothing in the Accord derogates from any treaty, rights or freedoms pertaining to the Aboriginal people of Canada.
The Parties also agree that self-government agreements referred to in the Accord will only be negotiated by duly mandated representatives of the Métis Nation directly concerned. Further provisions regarding representation are also set out. The ratification provisions provide that the Accord will be considered adopted by the Métis Nation upon the passage of a duly authorised motion or by a special assembly of elected Metis representatives of the Métis Nation.
The Accord was never realised due to the failure of the referendum on the Charlottetown Accord which proposed a series of constitutional amendments regarding the division of federal and provincial powers.