Little Salmon/Carmacks First Nation Self-Government Agreement
|Date: ||21 July 1997|
|Sub Category:||Self-Government Agreement (Canada)|
|Subject Matter:||Self Government|
|Summary Information: |
|The Little Salmon/Carmacks First Nation Self-Government Agreement was signed on 21 July 1997 by representatives of the Little Salmon/Carmacks First Nation, Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada and The Government of the Yukon. The agreement fulfils the self-government objectives of the parties as outlined in chapter 24 of the Little Salmon/Carmacks First Nation Final Agreement. The agreement establishes the Little Salmon/Carmacks First Nation as a self-governing Nation. Its legislative powers extend to the power to make laws with respect to the administration of the first Nation, the provision of programs regarding spiritual and cultural beliefs, language, health care and services, social and welfare services, training programs, adoption, first nation children, education, wills and intestacy citizenship and all ancillary matters. |
|Detailed Information: |
|The Little Salmon/Carmacks First Nation Self-Government Agreement recognises that Little Salmon/Carmacks people have traditional decision-making institutions and practices, and wish to maintain those institutions and practices, integrated with a contemporary form of government. It acknowledges all the parties desire to secure the evolving self-government institutions and protect “a way of life that is based on an economic and spiritual relationship between Little Salmon/Carmacks people and the land”. |
The self-government agreement does not affect the identity of Little Salmon/Carmacks People as aboriginal people of Canada, nor the ability to benefit from any existing or future constitutional rights or government programs which might apply.
The Self-Government Agreement may only be amended with the consent of all the parties to it, and makes provision for dispute resolution and review within 10 years.
Chapter 10 provides for the establishment of the Little Salmon/Carmacks First Nation Constitution, the key function of which is to provide for a citizenship code establishing a procedure for determining Little Salmon/Carmacks Citizenship. The KFN may delegate any of its powers to make laws to any public body with existing law-making powers, another Yukon First Nation, a tribal land council, or the Council for Yukon Indians.
Part III of the Self-Government Agreement sets out in detail the legislative powers of the Little Salmon/Carmacks First Nation. The Little Salmon/Carmacks First Nation reserves exclusive powers to pass legislation pertaining to the administration and internal management of Little Salmon/Carmacks First Nation, to management and administration of rights and benefits of Little Salmon/Carmacks Citizens and to other ancillary matters.
Clause 13.2 details Little Salmon/Carmacks First Nation powers pertaining to matters in the Yukon relating to Citizens including, but not confined to:
Provision of spiritual and cultural services;
Provision of health, social welfare, education and training services;
Solemnization of marriage of Citizens;
Adoption, custody, guardianship and care of Little Salmon/Carmacks children; and
Inheritance, intestacy and interests in land.
Clause 13.3 details Little Salmon/Carmacks First Nation powers pertaining to matters in the Yukon relating to Settlement Land including, but not confined to:
Use, management and protection of land;
Allocation and disposition of rights relating to land;
Gathering, hunting, fishing and trapping;
planning, zoning and development;
Establishment, operation and maintenance of local services;
Administration of justice; and
Matters ‘coming within the good government of Citizens on Settlement Land’
The Little Salmon/Carmacks First Nation also has legislative power with respect to local taxation. Part IV of the Self-Government Agreement provides for capital transfer to ensure adequate resources for the provision of public services (see Chapter 16). Chapter 14 outlines provisions for financial contributions to be made by the Government of Yukon.